South Carolina Landfills

landfill photo south carolina

A landfill is a large outdoor site specifically designed for the disposal of waste. Not all landfills are the same. Different kinds of landfills accept different kinds of waste including:

  • Industrial waste
  • Hazardous waste
  • Construction and demolition debris
  • Municipal Solid Waste (MSW), commonly defined as household trash or garbage.

When you think of a landfill, you probably are thinking of the landfill that accepts your household trash or garbage. In South Carolina, that’s known as a Class 3 landfill. South Carolinians generate about 4.2 million tons of this type of trash/garbage in a typical year. Of that amount, 70.5 percent (about 3 million tons) was disposed of in the state’s Class 3 landfills. The remainder – 29.5 percent (1,229,100 tons) – of the state’s MSW was recycled.

Why do we need any landfills?

Waste reduction, reuse and recycling divert large parts of our waste from landfills, but not all of it. That waste must be managed safely to protect human health and the environment.

Facility NameCountyLandfill Class
HR Garrett - DobbinsAbbevilleClass 1
Ron HughesAbbevilleClass 1
Gary MillerAikenClass 1
GL WilliamsAikenClass 1
Jack WoodAikenClass 1
John SwearingenAikenClass 1
Mike WilliamsAikenClass 1
Randy HillAikenClass 1
StarrAndersonClass 1
BroadwayAndersonClass 1
Belton, City ofAndersonClass 1
Landscape Development GroupAndersonClass 1
Miller Construction CompanyAndersonClass 1
Berkeley CountyBerkeleyClass 1
Pioneer ClearingEdgefieldClass 1
Timmonsville, Town ofFlorenceClass 1
HR Garrett - Moon-HendersonGreenvilleClass 1
NorrisGreenvilleClass 1
BHC TruckingGreenwoodClass 1
Jasper CountyJasperClass 1
Lancaster CountyLancasterClass 1
HR Garrett - Henderson RdLaurensClass 1
HR Garrett - Lisbon RdLaurensClass 1
378 Recycle CenterLexingtonClass 1
Southeastern DisposalLexingtonClass 1
Batesburg-Leesville, Town ofLexingtonClass 1
MettsNewberryClass 1
Clemson-SenecaOconeeClass 1
Northwest Grading Co.OconeeClass 1
Well's HwyOconeeClass 1
WoodOconeeClass 1
Spires LCD LFOrangeburgClass 1
Pine Grove Church RoadPickensClass 1
Walter MoodyPickensClass 1
L&L Disposal - Waste Industries, Inc.RichlandClass 1
Sharp's Construction CompanyRichlandClass 1
GoffSaludaClass 1
BrownSpartanburgClass 1
Woodruff, City of - Landford RoadSpartanburgClass 1
Cliffdale RoadSpartanburgClass 1
Hawkins GradingSpartanburgClass 1
Howard Grading & ConstructionSpartanburgClass 1
Jeff Thomas LCD LFSpartanburgClass 1
Par Grading & HaulingSpartanburgClass 1
Roger OwensSpartanburgClass 1
Jimmy Wilson - Skinner SiteSpartanburgClass 1
WatsonSpartanburgClass 1
Union, City of - EisonUnionClass 1
Union, City of - WalnutUnionClass 1
ClawsonYorkClass 1
Creekside of York CountyYorkClass 1
McCall Deer Creek DriveYorkClass 1
Abbeville CountyAbbevilleClass 2
Aiken County - BardenAikenClass 2
Aiken County - WagenerAikenClass 2
GL WilliamsAikenClass 2
Rainbow FallsAikenClass 2
AppletonAllendaleClass 2
Clemson UniversityAndersonClass 2
StarrAndersonClass 2
Enterprise MaterialAndersonClass 2
GreenpointeAndersonClass 2
Bamberg CountyBambergClass 2
Barnwell CountyBarnwellClass 2
Barnwell Resources, Inc.BeaufortClass 2
Berkeley CountyBerkeleyClass 2
Calhoun CountyCalhounClass 2
Bees FerryCharlestonClass 2
Spring GroveCharlestonClass 2
Cherokee CountyCherokeeClass 2
City of GaffneyCherokeeClass 2
BennettChesterClass 2
Chester CountyChesterClass 2
Furr FacilityChesterfieldClass 2
Clarendon CountyClarendonClass 2
Colleton CountyColletonClass 2
Darlington CountyDarlingtonClass 2
Dillon CountyDillonClass 2
Carolina LandfillDorchesterClass 2
Florence CountyFlorenceClass 2
Lake CityFlorenceClass 2
Pee Dee EnvironmentalFlorenceClass 2
Georgetown CountyGeorgetownClass 2
Greenville - RepublicGreenvilleClass 2
Twin Chimneys - Greenville CountyGreenvilleClass 2
WCA ShilohGreenvilleClass 2
Greenwood CountyGreenwoodClass 2
Hampton CountyHamptonClass 2
Horry CountyHorryClass 2
OakwoodJasperClass 2
Snake RoadJasperClass 2
Kershaw CountyKershawClass 2
L&L Disposal - Waste Industries, Inc.KershawClass 2
Pine HillKershawClass 2
Mining RdLancasterClass 2
City of ClintonLaurensClass 2
Curry LakeLaurensClass 2
Carolina MaterialsLexingtonClass 2
378 Recycle CenterLexingtonClass 2
Lexington CountyLexingtonClass 2
S&T Recycling, LLCLexingtonClass 2
Southeastern DisposalLexingtonClass 2
Hwy. 908MarionClass 2
Marion CountyMarionClass 2
SandlandsMarionClass 2
SRR, LLCNewberryClass 2
Oconee CountyOconeeClass 2
Orangeburg CountyOrangeburgClass 2
Hwy 93PickensClass 2
Easley - Pickens CountyPickensClass 2
Carolina Grading Inc.RichlandClass 2
Richland CountyRichlandClass 2
WASP Nest - Spartanburg CountySpartanburgClass 2
Sumter CountySumterClass 2
Williamsburg CountyWilliamsburgClass 2
ColtharpYorkClass 2
RogersYorkClass 2
Vernsdale RdYorkClass 2
York CountyYorkClass 2
Savannah River Site 288-FAikenClass 2
Savannah River Site 488-4DAikenClass 2
Savannah River Site 632-GAikenClass 2
Owens Corning - AikenAikenClass 2
Owens Corning - AndersonAndersonClass 2
KapstoneBerkeleyClass 2
Santee Cooper - Cross Generating StationBerkeleyClass 2
DAK AmerikasCalhounClass 2
Georgia Pacific - AlcoluClarendonClass 2
Sonoco Products Co.DarlingtonClass 2
RockTennFlorenceClass 2
International Paper - GeorgetownGeorgetownClass 2
General ElectricGreenvilleClass 2
SCE&G McMeekin StationLexingtonClass 2
Domtar PaperMarlboroClass 2
Duke Power - Oconee Nuclear StationOconeeClass 2
BrewerOrangeburgClass 2
International Paper - EastoverRichlandClass 2
Intertape Polymer GroupRichlandClass 2
Kohler CompanySpartanburgClass 2
TindallSpartanburgClass 2
DSM Nutritional Products, LLCWilliamsburgClass 2
Duke Power - CatawbaYorkClass 2
Resolute ForestYorkClass 2
Abbeville CountyAbbevilleClass 3
Albemarle Corp.OrangeburgClass 3
Anderson RegionalAndersonClass 3
Bees FerryCharlestonClass 3
Berkeley CountyBerkeleyClass 3
CMC 1601LexingtonClass 3
CMC 1602LexingtonClass 3
Georgetown CountyGeorgetownClass 3
Greenwood CountyGreenwoodClass 3
Hickory HillJasperClass 3
Horry County SWAHorryClass 3
Lee County Landfill, LLCLeeClass 3
Northeast Landfill, LLCRichlandClass 3
OakridgeDorchesterClass 3
PalmettoSpartanburgClass 3
PepperhillDorchesterClass 3
Richland CountyRichlandClass 3
Santee Cooper - CrossBerkeleyClass 3
SCE&G - CopeOrangeburgClass 3
SCE&G - WatereeRichlandClass 3
SCE&G - Williams Hwy 52BerkeleyClass 3
Savannah River Site - Z-AreaAikenClass 3
Three Rivers SWAAikenClass 3
Twin ChimneysGreenvilleClass 3
Upstate RegionalUnionClass 3
WellfordSpartanburgClass 3

What is MSW?

Different states have different definitions, but MSW is commonly defined as household trash or garbage. This includes paper, cans, bottles and food scraps. Class 3 landfills are designed to accept these types of waste – much of which should be recycled – along with other specific kinds of waste. In South Carolina, Class 3 landfills cannot accept hazardous waste, lead-acid (car and truck) batteries, yard trimmings, tires (whole), used motor oil and large appliances.

How is MSW managed in South Carolina?

Waste is properly managed two ways. We recycle it or dispose of it in a Class 3 landfill.

How much garbage is disposed of in Class 3 landfills?

Americans generated about 250 million tons of MSW in 2010 (the latest numbers available) according to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). Of that amount, 54 percent or 136 million tons was disposed of in landfills. The rest was recycled or composted (34 percent or 85 million tons) or incinerated (12 percent or about 29 million tons).

How much does it cost to dispose of waste at a Class 3 landfill?

Landfill operators charge a fee on a per ton basis. The fee is called a tipping fee and is charged to the waste hauler who empties or “tips” garbage out of the truck. The average tipping fee in South Carolina was $38 per ton according to the “S.C. Solid Waste Management Annual Report for FY12.”

How do we pay for waste management?

It depends. Many people pay for waste management – including recycling services – through their property taxes. Other residents pay their fees through monthly or annual fees billed by their local government. Some have to pay waste haulers directly. Still, others take their garbage and recyclables to drop-off centers that are, of course, funded by local governments through taxes or fees.

How many Class 3 landfills are there?

Nationwide, the number of active landfills has shrunk from nearly 8,000 in 1988 to 1,908 in 2010 according to the EPA. In South Carolina, there were 23 permitted Class 3 landfills operating in FY12.

Who owns Class 3 landfills?

Nationally, about two-thirds are owned by local governments while about one-third are privately owned. In South Carolina, local governments own 9 while another 14 are privately owned.

What laws or regulations must be followed at Class 3 landfills?

Class 3 landfills are well-engineered facilities that must meet strict EPA and S.C. Department of Health and Environmental Control (DHEC) regulations on their location, design, operation and closing. In South Carolina, all Class 3 landfills must be approved (receive a permit) by DHEC. In addition, local zoning and land-use ordinances may limit Class 3 landfill site selection.

Why do Class 3 landfills have liners?

Liners in Class 3 landfills are designed and placed to stop the potential pollution of groundwater. Hazardous household materials such as cleaners and pesticides and other waste could contaminate groundwater if the liners were not in place.

Do Class 3 landfills smell?

Federal and state regulations require MSW to be covered daily with soil or another type of cover to control or reduce odor. Landfill operators also can control or reduce odors by only disposing of waste in a small working face (area).

Who picks landfill locations?

If it is a public landfill, a local government will select a potential site. If it is a private company, it will select a potential site and approach the local government. In both cases, residents will have a chance to comment at public meetings. Once a potential site is selected, the local government or private company will apply to DHEC for a permit. There are numerous local, state and federal requirements that must be met to be given a permit including meeting all local zoning requirements, being consistent with the county solid waste management plan and meeting a demonstration of need criteria. Local zoning and land-use ordinances may limit Class 3 landfill site selection. Any landfill, including Class 3 landfills, are difficult to locate simply because the public frequently opposes new construction. People remember the poor practices of the past and are concerned about their health and environment as well as property values, noise, odor and traffic if a landfill is being considered in their community.

What happens when Class 3 landfills close?

First, before a Class 3 landfill is approved (given a permit from DHEC), a landfill owner is required to have funding to not only properly close but also to monitor and fix any environmental problems that could occur. When a Class 3 landfill is closed, it is capped with a layer of clay, a plastic liner, and a layer of soil (bottom to top of the cap). The cap is seeded to grow grass. The Class 3 landfill will be monitored for 30 years.